There are a wide variety of ideas between the general public and animal professionals on how people should humanely treat their animals. This is a controversy that is widely debated and questioned when trying to accomplish animal welfare goals. Settings that are institutional that provide intensive confinement have to protect animals from extreme weather and predators as well as provide the animals with fresh water and wholesome food, but people typically do not trust these places to provide animal welfare at the same level that the animals received in the pasture from the past. Because of this, a lot of resources are spent in the US today to address these concerns, making this the primary focus of animal welfare.
Despite how well the animals are cared for in institutional settings and close confinement systems, these places seem very unnatural to those looking in from the outside. Such places include dog breeding kennels, parks where exotic animals are viewed, zoos, and large farms where a lot of animals live closely together. These businesses are constantly exploring new practices and approaches in their animal care but, because of how these places appear, critics believe that the welfare of the animals is not good.
With the public being concerned about the institutional settings with potential substandard care of animals, the laws governing these animals have grown tremendously locally, state wide, and in the federal government. Multiple agencies are being asked to perform inspections on a single business oftentimes because of the increased mount of regulations that have been put into place. The federal government is continuously putting more laws into places that govern commercial dog kennels, laboratory animals, the humane slaughter of animals on a farm, and care for animals in the circus and in zoos around the nations. Local laws also continue to expand their ordinances in regards to having animals and breeding dogs, as well as a lot of other things that were, in the past, done in a setting that was rural.